Augusta Praetoria, Aosta (AO), Val d'Aosta, Italy

Augusta Praetoria is an ancient Roman town, located inside the present-day city of Aosta, whose name actually derives form the ancient Augusta. In the area there was a megalithic settlement, the mythical town called Cordelia, of the Salassi population who were finally conquered in 25 BC by emperor Augustus, who founded the town and gave it his own name "Augusta Praetoria Salassorum".
Augusta Praetoria - Val d'Aosta HISTORY - This ancient town, located in the area of present-day Aosta, which is known today as the "most Roman town after Rome", was so called because it hosted a settlement of 3,000 praetorian soldiers, in a military outpost at the border of the Empire, situated along the main communication routes with Gallia through the mountain pass of the Piccolo and the Gran San Bernardo.

The town plan followed the scheme of the Romans military camp, the castrum, with two main axes, the longer decumanus maximus who was also usually a main Roman road. Actually the construction plan took advantage of all the engineering knowledge of the Romans, with the long side of 724 meters and the short of 572, the main axis parallel to the valley created by a meander of the Buthier stream, just before it flows into the Dora river.

The town was all surrounded with walls and fortified towers, with the main entrance called Porta Praetoria, still extant, built with huge blocks and sided by two square towers. The decumanus maximus was part of the road coming from Gallia, crossed the town and passing under the western door proceeded towards Rome. Inside the town are the theatre and amphitheater, the forum, of which the sacred area consisting of a platea and basilica are still visible, and some locals of the thermae, located in the vicinity of the present Townhall palace.

More info on the town of Aosta