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Acquaviva Picena, Province of Ascoli Piceno, Marche

Acquaviva Picena stands on a hill overlooking the Tronto valley, a few kilometers away from the Adriatic Sea and San Benedetto del Tronto. From the elevation of the town it is possible to see, on clear days, the highest peak of the Sibillini Mountains (Monte Vettore), and even the most distant Abruzzo mountains (Gran Sasso, Majella).

Info

  • Altitude: 359 m a.s.l
  • Population: about 3600 inhabitants in 2022
  • Zip/postal code: 63075
  • Dialing Area Code: +39 0735
  • Patron Saint: San Nicola di Bari, celebrated on 6th December September
  • Frazioni & Localities: Abbadetta, Casarica, Forola, Madonna delle Piane, Quercia, Sant'Angelo

Demographics - Number of Inhabitants

Year 1861: 2005
Year 1871: 2086
Year 1881: 2085
Year 1901: 2883
Year 1911: 2903
Year 1921: 3021
Year 1931: 3189
Year 1936: 3376
Year 1951: 3.638
Year 1961: 3.365
Year 1971: 2.686
Year 1981: 2.677
Year 1991: 3.080
Year 2001: 3.409
Year 2011: 3.848
 

History

Archeological findings mainly from the Piceno period, but also from the Roman age, show that the site had been inhabited since prehistoric times. The Piceni, who had settled there in the sixth century BC, were subjected to Rome, and came under the jurisdiction of the nearby city of Castrum Truentinum.

During the barbarian invasions the coastal populations took refuge on the hill where Acquaviva stands today. The village was originally a possession of the Farfa monastery (947), then became a fief of the Acquaviva family (hence the name), who built a fortress there in the 13th century.

In 1341 it passed under the control of the town of Fermo, and in the fifteenth century it had a significant demographic expansion, with the construction of the eastern sector, called "Terra Nuova" as opposed to the "Terra Vecchia" closer to the fortress, the original core of the center.

In 1799, during the Napoleonic campaign in Italy, the anti-French forces led by brigand Sciabolone put it to fire and destroyed the municipal archive, and all sources of local history, whose reconstruction is mainly based on secondary testimonies. Acquaviva was annexed by plebiscite to the Kingdom of Italy in 1860.

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