Caianello, Province of Caserta, Campania

The territory of Caianello lies mostly on the plains, east of the volcanic massif of Roccamonfina. It is a "comune sparso", consisting of a number of hamlets none of which has the name of the comune. The townhall is in frazione Santa Lucia.


  • Altitude: 236 m a.s.l
  • Population: about 1800 inhabitants in 2017
  • Zip/postal code: 81059
  • Dialing Area Code: +39 0823
  • Patron Saint: San Michele Arcangelo, celebrated on 29th September
  • Frazioni & Localities: Aorivola, Caianello Vecchio, Casinove, Cittadella, Gaudisciano, Lompari, Montano, Poza, Santa Lucia.

History - Antiquity

The name "Caianello" comes from the Latin "Caius". Caius, a descendant of the noble family Gabilena, belonging to the Faleria Tribe of Teano Sidicino was the winner of the battle of Modena against Decimus Brutus in 43 BC and established a Roman colony in the vicinity of the Via Latina, that connected Teanum Sidicinum (Teano) with Ad Flexum (San Pietro Infine).

The colony took the name Caianum, then with the transition from Latin to the vernacular, the name became Caiano and later Caianello. Of those ancient origins only historical memories remain, place names, and ruins of Roman tombs dating to the 3rd and 4th century BC.

History - the Middle Ages and Modern Times

Caianello was inhabited in medieval times, as evidenced both by a papal bull of 1193 and the Catalogus Baronum of William II (1188). In 1275-1277 Caianello contributed to the fleet of King Charles I of Anjou in the campaign against the Emperor of Constantinople. From 1345 onwards the town belonged to various feudal lords, among whom Francesco Del Balzo, the Abenavoli family, Petrillo de Aurilia, the Transo family, Nicola Anotinio de Montibus, Consalvo de Cordoba, Cesare de Capua, Salvatore del Pezzo (1745).

What to see

  • The Castle, built probably before the 9th century, underwent several changes under the Angevin and Aragonese rule and is today in ruins, apart from a cylindrical tower.
  • The Parish Church of San Michele Arcangelo
  • The Parish Church of Saints Vincenzo and Anastasio at Gaudisciano.
  • The Parish Church of Santo Stefano at Aorivola.

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Provinces of Campania
Campania region
Surnames in the Provinces of Campania