Migration of Albanians to Italy in the centuries

There were different waves of immigration of Albanians from the Balkans to Italy starting from the 15th century.

First migration: 1399 - 1409

The first migration would go back to the years 1399 - 1409, when Calabria, before the advent of Alfonso of Aragon, was already upset from the riots of feudal lords against the Anjou government and the Albanians supplied their military services for either faction in the fight.

Second migration:1416 - 1442

The second migration dates back to the years 1416 - 1442, when Alfonso of Aragon, in the fight for the succession to the Reign of Naples against Roberto III Anjou, hired Demetrio Reres, an aristocratic Albanian condottiere, who came with his sons George and Basilio, carrying three powerful Albanian battallions.

Demetrio Reres fought above all in Calabria against the followers of the ANjou and for this it would have deserved, for the services rendered, he was rewarded in 1448 with the administrative government of Calabria Ultra and the right for the Albanians to settle in a number of countryside villages, among them Andali, Amato, Arietta (extinct),Casalnuovo d'Africo, Vena di Maida, Zangarona di Lamezia Terme, Marcedusa, Pallagorio, San Nicola dell'Alto and Carfizzi.

Later on his two sons, George and Basilio Reres, moved to supply aid to Ferrante of Aragon against the rebellious Sicilian lords and therefore new Albanian settlements were established in Eastern Sicily: Bronte, Biancavilla, San Michele di Ganzaria; and in Western Sicily Occidendale: Piana dei Greci (mow Piana degli Albanesi), Santa Cristina Gela, Contessa Entellina, Palazzo Adriano, Mezzojuso, Sant'Angelo Muxaro, San Cipirello (extinct).

Albanian migrations

Third migration: 1461 - 1470

The third migration is dated to the years 1461 - 1470, when George Castriota Skanderberg (prince of Krujia), sent an army of about 5,000 Albanians led by his grandson Coiro Stresio to help Ferrante of Aragon in the fight against Giovanni Anjou. On 18 August 1461 Coiro Stresio defeated at Lago di Sangue, situated among Greci, Orsara di Puglia and Troia, the troops of Giovanni of Anjou whose leader was Piccinino.

For the services rendered, Skanderberg was granted feudal rights on Mount Gargano, San Giovanni Rotondo and Trani and his soldiers and their families were allowed to relocate in a number of places: Belvedere, Coronno, Civitella, Faggiano, Monteiasi, Montemesola, Monteparano, Roccaforzata, Crispiano, San Giorgio, San Martino, Santa Maria della Camera, Mennano, Sant'Elia, Lupara, San Paolo in Civitate, Castelmauro and San Giacomo degli Schiavoni (some Albanian communities are extinct); and in San Marzano, Chieuti, Campomarino, Casalvecchio, Portocannone, Montecilfone ed Ururi (still present).