The name Italia was born here
The Social War
Italia is the New Capital
The new capital issued its coins to oppose the monopoly of the Roman currency and to assert the political importance of the new State. Their first coin showed a female head with a laurel crown and the word ITALIA; another coin had the word VITELIU, as a recognition of the etymology of the name Italia form the Italic word for "calf" (meaning that Italia was the land of calves).
[From Wikipedia: Scholars and archaeologists have been debating on the origin of the name "Italia". There is much consensus that the name "Italia" was originally given to Calabria by the ancient Greeks around the 8th century BC. This occurred hundreds of years before the coins of Corfinio were minted. But it was not until the time of the Roman conquests that the term was expanded to cover the entire peninsula. For a more-in-depth etymology of the name "Italia" see this article: Etimologia del nome Italia ]
The early Italic victories compelled the Romans to prepare a stronger reaction. In the spring the war had spread throughout Abruzzo and Samnium. Fearing more insurrections in Etruria and Umbria, the Romans were led to grant the rebels some of their requests: the "Lex Iulia de civitate" granted Roman citizenship to all those peoples who had kept their loyalty to Rome; the "Lex Plautia Papiria" extended citizenship rights to all the inhabitants of those Latin or allied towns which presented to the "praetor" within 60 days. These laws weakened support to the rebels and consequently favored the Roman victory.
In 88 BC the social war ended and the Marrucini, Frentani, Marsi, Peligni and the other peoples of Abruzzo and Samnium were incorporated in the Roman tribes. Corfinio was conquered and its named changed to Pentima, which was kept up to 1928, when it was renamed again to the ancient Corfinio.
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